Location: Latitude 31 degrees 20’ 42”, Longitude 119 degrees 21’ 40”

History:

The area of Wuhu, Anhui has been known to be inhabited since 770 B.C.E. and its name Wu meaning five and Hu tribes/lakes, is derived from non Chinese steppe tribes who once lived outside of China proper. Slowly migrating afforded by the fighting between the Eastern Han and its Three Kingdom (220-B.C.E.- 65 C.E.) rivals. During this time it was of strategic importance as these tribes fought the Han to a standstill allowing them to seize the fertile pastoral lands of the China central plain. Wuhu's history is too extensive to discuss here with a link provided above.

Legend has it that Zhesan, Reddish brown hill received its color from the sword-smith’s furnace of Gan Jiang, from the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 B.C.E.) whose tempering pool and sword grinding rock are nearby too. The famous poet Li Bai lived his tatter years in Wuhu awestruck by its surrounding beauty. Xiao Tiao, a highly regarded Six Dynasty Poet left many poems while holding official positions within Wuhu’s government. Renowned calligrapher Mi Fu of the Song Dynasty, (1,000 C.E.) is said to have personally inscribed Wuhu’s most famous stone tablet.
  

It became a commercial trading port during the Ming dynasty and has been so since. An old proverb goes: “Weaving is prior in Songjiang (near Shanghai) and dyeing is super in Wuhu”.

The last Ming Emperor Hongguang, known as the Prince of Fu was captured by the rising Qing Dynasty forces in Wuhu.

Wuhu received open port status in 1876 and had a thriving trade of wild fowl, rice, tea and wood till the Warlord times of the 1920’s till Japanese occupation. Chinese resistance fighters during WWII would submerge themselves in nearby lakes using a bamboo tube to breathe through.

Wuhu’s industrial production of paper and textiles did not begin till well after China’s Civil War and though it has automobile and other high tech industries today, it is still a major commodities collecting and trading port for coal, cotton, eggs, rice, silk, tea and wheat. It has a major shipbuilding yard next to Yichi san, the oldest/continuous hospital complex in Anhui Province. Other known Wuhu handiworks are embossed lacquer-ware and rice straw pith patchwork.


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